Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness (BP/CR) is the process of planning for normal birth and anticipating the actions needed in case of an emergency
It is based on the assumption that preparing for child birth and being ready for complications reduces delay in obtaining this care
A birth plan/emergency preparedness plan includes identification of the following elements:
• Knowledge of key danger signs during:
o Antenatal, intra-natal and post-natal period and
o In the new born
• Identifying a skilled birth attendant
• Identifying the location of the closest health care facility appropriate for child birth or in case of emergency
• Arranging funds for birth-related and emergency expenses
• Identify transport to a health facility for the birth and obstetric emergency; and
• Identification of compatible blood donors in case of emergency
This is based on the fact that during pregnancy, there is a risk of sudden and unpredictable life threatening complications that could end in death or injury to herself or to her infant. This is because complications such as hemorrhage are unpredictable and highly fatal if timely treatment is not obtained.
BPCR is an important strategy in improving care-seeking during obstetric emergency therefore reducing the maternal and child mortality.
JHPIEGO, 2004. Monitoring Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness. John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore