In 2000, 189 nations made a promise to free people from extreme poverty and multiple deprivations. This pledge became the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to be achieved by 2015.
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality:
The target is to reduce Under-Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015. In case of India, it translates into a goal of reducing U5MR to 42 per 1000 live births by 2015 and assessed by the following three targets:
4.1 Under five mortality rate
4.2 Infant mortality rate
4.3 Proportion of 1 year old children immunised against measles.
Progress of achievements against MDG 4 targets are as follows:
1. India set a target of bringing down under five mortality to 42/1000 live birth by 2015. Under 5 mortality rate has declined to 49/1000 live births in 2013 (SRS). 11 States have achieved MDG4 ( <42 per 1000 live births) namely Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and West Bengal.
2. Infant Mortality Rate currently stands at 40 /1000 live births (SRS 2013), against the MDG target of 29 /1000 live births by 2015. 15 States/UTs have already achieved MDG 4 ( <29 per 1000 live births) namely Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Andman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Manipur, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Punjab. Further, 13 States/UTs are near to achieving MDG4 namely West Bengal, Gujarat, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Bihar, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh.
3. Children (12-23 months) immunised against measles has reached a coverage of 74% in 2009 (CES 2009) against a target of universal immunization against measles. Measles immunisation in rural areas improved from 61.8% to 72.4% over a period of four years (2005 to 2009), while urban measles immunisation coverage in this period declined from 79.4 from 78.3%.
NHM, MoHFW: available at: http://nrhm.gov.in/nrhm-components/rmnch-a/child-health-immunization.html , last accessed on 9th Nov 2016
for vaccination schedule in India, 2016: http://www.ihatepsm.com/blog/vaccination-schedule-india-2016