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Condm FAQs

What type of contraceptive is this?
• Barrier contraceptive (physical)

What are the instructions for using condom?
• The condom is to be fitted over the erect penis.
• Remove the air from the teat.
• Place over the erect penis before coitus.
• Must be held carefully while withdrawing from vagina after intercourse.
• A new condom should be used for each sexual act.
• Never use oil or fat soluble lubricant with condoms. Always use water-based lubricants such as glycerin or spermicidal jelly.

What are the advantages of using condom?
• Simple to use
• No side effects
• Easily available
• Inexpensive
• Easy to use
• Does not need medical supervision
• Easily stored and carried
• Provides additional protection against STDs and HIV/AIDS
• Does not interfere with breastfeeding

What are the disadvantages of using condom?
• It may slip off or tear during the act of coitus leading to failure of contraception.
• Some complaints of interference with local sensations in males during intercourse.
• Requires appropriate knowledge and attitude for its correct use among men.
• New condom is to be used before each sexual act.

What are the side effects of using condom?
• Interference with local sensations in some men
• Failure if not used correctly

What is the contraindication to using condom?
• Allergy to latex rubber in either of the partners

Enumerate the types available under the national program.
• Plain Nirodh (dry)
• Deluxe Nirodh (lubricated)
• Super deluxe Nirodh (ultrafine and lubricated)
• Rakshak condoms (with spermicidal coating)

What is its failure rate?
Failure rate of condom ranges from 2-3 to 14 pregnancies per 100 women years (HWY).

What is its extra advantage other than contraception?
In addition to contraception, it protects against STDs and HIV/AIDS.

How can the contraceptive efficacy of condom be increased?
By concomitant use of a spermicidal jelly.

At which level of health care can one obtain these?
• At subcenters and higher levels
• At outlets under "Social Marketing” scheme
• Condom vending machines (CVMs)
• Home delivery by ASHA worker for a nominal charge

1. Park K. Demography and family planning. In: Park K. Park's Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 24th ed. Jabalpur, India: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, 2017; pp. 525-52.
2. Rakshak: The Thin Lubricated Condom. Available at: Accessed November 23, 2011.
3. Family planning. In: Annual report, 2011, MOHFW; GOI: 124–38.
4. Condom promotion. National AIDS Control Programme, Phase III, India. NACO, MoHFW, GOI.
5. Batar I. State-of-the-art of non-hormonal methods of contraception: II. Chemical barrier contraceptives. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2010; 15(2): 89–95.

6. Contraceptives. In: Mastering Practicals – Community Medicine. Eds. Tiwari P, Tiwari S. Lippincott William & Wilkins; Wolters Kluwer. New Delhi Buy at: