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Barriers of Communication

1. Physiological:
– Difficulties in hearing, expression

2. Psychological:
– Emotional disturbances, neurosis, level of intelligence, comprehension or language difficulties

3. Environmental:
– Noise, invisibility, congestion

4. Cultural:
– Illiteracy, customs, beliefs, religion, attitudes, economic and social class differences, language variations, cultural differences between foreigners and nationals, between urban education and rural population
• These barriers should be identified and removed
• Otherwise, the HE will not achieve the desirable behavior change

Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 23rd ed

Channels of communication:
Barriers of communication:
Types of communication:
Methods of communication:
Methods of communication - Individual level approach:
Methods of communication- lecture (chalk and talk):
Methods of communication- demonstration:
Group Discussion:
Panel Discussion:
Delphi method:
Work shop:
Methods of Communication - Mass Approach:

Flannel graph:
Flip chart: