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Mosquito Breeding Areas in Households

Some common places to check for water accumulation are as follows:
Inside the house
• Desert coolers
• Flower vase
• Potted plants
• Water tanges, cisterns, and other stored water
• Old cans, tires, coconut shells, bottles lying in open, etc.
Around the house
• Puddles and roadside ditches
• Open drains
• Cess pools
• Soakage pits
• Old non-functioning fountains, bird baths, ornamental pools, etc.

Iodized Salt

What are the levels of iodine in the iodized salt at the production and the consumption level?
• At the production level—Not less than 30 ppm (parts per million)
• At the consumption level—Not less than 15 ppm

Name the regulation under which these levels are fixed.
The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

Nutritional Value of Common Cereals

MILLED RICE

Which group of food it (milled rice) belongs to.
Cereals

What is its protein content?
Protein content of milled rice is around 6.8 g per 100 g.

What is its caloric value?
345 kcal per 100 g

What are the limiting amino acids in it?
The limiting amino acid is lysine even though its content is higher in rice as compared to other cereals.

Nutritive Value of Milk

Write the nutritive value of cow's milk?

What is pasteurization?
Pasteurization is heating of milk to such temperatures and for such time period which is sufficient to destroy pathogens present in milk but leads to minimal change in the composition, flavor, and nutritive value of the milk (WHO).

Nutrition in an Egg

Mention its nutritive value per 100gm.
• Proteins—13.3 g per 100 g (an average egg weighs around 60-70 g)
• Fat—13.3 g per 100 g
• Carbohydrates—nil
• Energy—173 kcal per 100 g
• Provides all vitamins except vitamin C

Nutritive value in terms of content per egg weighing 60 g
• Proteins—6 g
• Fat—6 g
• Carbohydrates—nil
• Energy—70 kcal

Jaggery (gud)

Jaggery's nutritive value.
• 383 kcal per 100 g
• Iron 11.4 mg/100 g
• Calcium 80 mg/100 g
• Carotene 165 mg

How does jaggery differ from sugar?
Jaggery contains iron, calcium, and carotene which are not present in sugar.

Where does the iron content of jaggery come from?
The iron in jaggery comes from the iron pots in which the sugarcane juice is boiled to make jaggery.

Common Vegetable Oils used in India

GROUNDNUT OIL
What is its caloric value?
Caloric value of all oils and ghee is 9 kcal per gram or 900 kcal per 100 g.

How is it different from hydrogenated oil?
• It contains good amounts of unsaturated fatty acids, both, MUFA and PUFA.
• It is also rich in essential fatty acids (EFA).
• Hydrogenated oils have mainly saturated fatty acids and they are poor in EFA.

Mention its advantages over hydrogenated oil?
It has higher content of MUFA and PUFA and is richer in EFA.

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