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The case information can be collected under the following broad headings as already discussed in the blog and lecture on ‘Format for CSC in Community Medicine’:
1. Identification and family data
2. Clinical history, general, and systemic examination of the index case
3. Family health and Housing Environment
4. Clinico-social diagnosis
5. Effect of the illness on the family
6. Management suggested (curative, preventive, and promotive)
• National Policy for Older Persons (NPOP) 1999 and National Policy on Senior Citizens 2011
• National Programme for Health Care of Elderly (NPHCE), 2011
• Relevant Constitutional Provisions
– The right of parents, without any means, to be supported by their children having sufficient means has been recognized
– Provident funds
– Old age pension
• National Old Age Pension (NOAP) Scheme,
• Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007
The objective of clinico-social case (CSC) taking is to examine the "index case” in the milieu of
• His/her family and
The aim is to make a comprehensive diagnosis and to suggest a comprehensive treatment.
Therefore in addition to clinical history and examination of the index case, information should also be collected about important health issues of other family members and also the living environment of the case.
WHY, Dietary Counselling?
• SAM = Severe Acute Malnutrition
• MAM = Moderate Acute Malnutrition
• Under-nourished children (MAM & SAM) have serious consequences
– Increased morbidity and increased risk of infections
– Increased mortality
– impaired physical and
– Impaired cognitive development, compromised IQ even in adulthood
– Develop into stunted adults
– Increased disease even in adulthood
– SAM is potentially life threatening as associated with complications
Early initiation of breastfeeding; immediately after birth, preferably within one hour
Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life - give only breast milk; not even water should be added
Timely introduction of complementary food beyond six months along with continued breastfeeding
1. Theory: Park's Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, Bhanot Publishers, CHECK the LATEST Edition. New editions are launched almost every 2 years
Some common places to check for water accumulation are as follows:
Inside the house
• Desert coolers
• Flower vase
• Potted plants
• Water tanges, cisterns, and other stored water
• Old cans, tires, coconut shells, bottles lying in open, etc.
Around the house
• Puddles and roadside ditches
• Open drains
• Cess pools
• Soakage pits
• Old non-functioning fountains, bird baths, ornamental pools, etc.
RAPID DIAGNOSTIC TEST (RDT) KIT FOR DIAGNOSIS OF MALARIA
Name the appropriate program under which this is used.
National Vector Borne Disease Control Program (NVBDCP)
What are the levels of iodine in the iodized salt at the production and the consumption level?
• At the production level—Not less than 30 ppm (parts per million)
• At the consumption level—Not less than 15 ppm
Name the regulation under which these levels are fixed.
The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006