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Input-Output Analysis

It is a tool for analysing the interaction between the different sectors of an economy. An understanding of inter-sectoral interactions can aid in optimizing the planning of public health policies.
Such analyses result in creation of ‘Input-output matrices’.
The main function is to make it possible to evaluate a sector’s requirements to satisfy a given demand for goods and services.
Using the ‘Input-output matrices’ or tables, one can estimate what changes in output of a sector will occur for each input or vice versa. In the health sector the ‘inputs’ refer to manpower, money, materials and time. The output can be number of lives saved, vaccinations given, cases treated etc.
Fernando S et al. Systemic analysis of the health sector through the input-output matrix, 2000-2005; Cepal Review 116, August 2015: 121-26
Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Community Medicine. 24th ed, 2017, Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur

Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA):
Cost Effective Analysis (CEA):
Difference between Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effective Analysis:
Input-Output Analysis:
Cost accounting in Healthcare: