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Mosquito Breeding Areas in Households

Some common places to check for water accumulation are as follows:
Inside the house
• Desert coolers
• Flower vase
• Potted plants
• Water tanges, cisterns, and other stored water
• Old cans, tires, coconut shells, bottles lying in open, etc.
Around the house
• Puddles and roadside ditches
• Open drains
• Cess pools
• Soakage pits
• Old non-functioning fountains, bird baths, ornamental pools, etc.

Iodized Salt

What are the levels of iodine in the iodized salt at the production and the consumption level?
• At the production level—Not less than 30 ppm (parts per million)
• At the consumption level—Not less than 15 ppm

Name the regulation under which these levels are fixed.
The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

Nutritional Value of Commonly Consumed Nuts

Comment on the quality of fat.
Groundnut oil is high in MUFA (mono unsaturated fatty acids) content.

What is its role in nutritional rehabilitation?
The multipurpose food used in National Nutrition Program is prepared by mixing 75% groundnut flour (after fat extraction) and 25% roasted red gram flour.

Among all the nuts which one has the highest content of iron?
Pistachio—14 mg per 100 g

Nutrition in an Egg

Mention its nutritive value per 100gm.
• Proteins—13.3 g per 100 g (an average egg weighs around 60-70 g)
• Fat—13.3 g per 100 g
• Carbohydrates—nil
• Energy—173 kcal per 100 g
• Provides all vitamins except vitamin C

Nutritive value in terms of content per egg weighing 60 g
• Proteins—6 g
• Fat—6 g
• Carbohydrates—nil
• Energy—70 kcal

Jaggery (gud)

Jaggery's nutritive value.
• 383 kcal per 100 g
• Iron 11.4 mg/100 g
• Calcium 80 mg/100 g
• Carotene 165 mg

How does jaggery differ from sugar?
Jaggery contains iron, calcium, and carotene which are not present in sugar.

Where does the iron content of jaggery come from?
The iron in jaggery comes from the iron pots in which the sugarcane juice is boiled to make jaggery.

Common Vegetable Oils used in India

What is its caloric value?
Caloric value of all oils and ghee is 9 kcal per gram or 900 kcal per 100 g.

How is it different from hydrogenated oil?
• It contains good amounts of unsaturated fatty acids, both, MUFA and PUFA.
• It is also rich in essential fatty acids (EFA).
• Hydrogenated oils have mainly saturated fatty acids and they are poor in EFA.

Mention its advantages over hydrogenated oil?
It has higher content of MUFA and PUFA and is richer in EFA.


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